Windows versus Linux for Netbeans

This article is an old story about two different camps, the Linux or the Windows side. To be honest I find that windows 7 suites my needs and is always easy to work with, where with Linux you need sometime some more configuration effort (time) to get things working.

Nevertheless, I started programming with Java EE 7 and Glassfish/Payara and have chosen Netbeans as IDE. The startup under windows took quite some while and after watching some youtube tutorials I thought that the startup speed could be faster. So I decided to install Ubuntu 14.04 LTS on the same machine as dual boot.

Version and conditions:
– Netbeans 8.1
– Windows 7 with all patches/SP (waited till the OS loaded everything)
– Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (waited till the OS loaded everything)
– All projects closed in Netbeans, only startup time was measured

First startup: 49,48 s
Second startup: 9,76 s (first started and closed outlook and chrome)

First startup: 23,46 s
Second startup: 7,43 (first started and closed thunderbird and chrome)

It seems that Ubuntu will be my preferred development environment ;-). Also the responsiveness with Ubuntu is faster and the startup of Pyara server is faster as well.

Turn your Raspberry PI into a malicious network traffic scanner with wireshark

I needed to scan a network with wireshark to check for malicious traffic. I took my RPi turned into a router with a DHCP server and installed wireshark to check all the network traffic.

Step 1: Static IP address

See my previous article for the setup.

Step 2: Install and configure DHCP server

In this case I’ve chosen the ISC as DHCP server. To install:

sudo apt-get install isc-dhcp-server

For the configuration, please edit /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf and add the following:

subnet netmask {
option broadcast-address;
option routers; option domain-name-servers;

Now we need to tell the daemon some specifics, please edit /etc/default/isc-dhcp-server and uncomment the following:


And add “eth0” to the interfaces list, this tells the daemon on which interface he needs to react on.

Before you run the DHCP server please stop the DHCP server on your rputer. Now you can start the daemon on your RPi with: sudo service isc-dhcp-server start

If you run into any problems please use systemctl status isc-dhcp-server.service to check the output.

You can use cat /var/lib/dhcp/dhcpd.leases to check out the leases.

Step 3: Turn your RPi into a router

Your RPi is now able to respond to DHCP requests, but now we need to be able to forward the traffic.

sudo bash -c 'echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward'

Please edit /etc/sysctl.conf and uncomment out the line that says net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
Last step is to enable NATTING via IPtables:

sudo iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE

Excellent, your RPi is now a router in your network and forwarding the traffic.

Step 4: Wireshark
I want to see all network traffic and for this purpose I installed wireshark. The RPi2 is fast enough to use the GUI of wireshark. For this purpose I installed tightvncserver and wireshark.

sudo apt-get install tightvncserver
sudo apt-get install wireshark

Now with a VNC client you can connect to your RPi and start wireshark in a terminal. You can use not (port 5901) as capture filter which does not capture the VNC traffic.

wireshark capture

How to setup a static IP address raspberry PI

You cannot get a static or fixed IP address working on you Raspberry PI with the current tutorials? Then you came to the right place!

The raspberry PI is an excellent device and I use it often as a server to host my projects. For most of my project I need a static IP address on my RPi. I thought that this would be an easy job just to change the /etc/network/interfaces (also according to a lot of tutorials).  Turns out that from the jessie image (kernel 4.x) you need to change the dhcpd.conf. Below I will explain in detail the steps and some more guidance on where to configure your static IP address.


Before you add a static IP address on your RPi, please consider where you want to make the configuration. It makes a lot of sense to configure your DHCP server (in most home networks your ISP router) with the appropiate settings rather then on the RPi.  Based on the MAC address of your device the router is able to hand out a static IP address. Configuring this on your router makes administration easier due to the fact that you have 1 administration where all the data of the devices with a static IP address is stored.


Now that you have configured your router and your RPi has a static IP you can log on to the given IP address. But we people are better in remembering a name than numbers. So to make life more easier you can install avahi on your RPi.

Avahi is a linux implementation which enables programs/OS to publish and discover services and hosts running on a local network. For example, a user can plug their computer into a network and have Avahi automatically advertise the network services running on the machine which could enable access to files and printers.

The protocol behind avahi is known as Multicast Domain Name Service (mDNS) and can also be used as a system for local DNS resolution. Also apple addopted this protocol and implemented it in bonjour. Probally a lot of your devices in your network are already using this, eg. Chromecast, NAS server, open elec and arduino yun.

Next to boradcasting the services available on your host you can also reach your device by using the hostname and the .local suffix. E.g. ping monitoring.local

> ping monitoring.local
PING domotiga.local ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=3.87 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=42.6 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=66.6 ms

You can enable this on your RPi:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install avahi-daemon

Go ahead and ping the new .local address on the machine you wish to access the device from! If you installed Itunes on your windows machines you also have the bonjour service installed. If not, just donwload it from the apple website. You can now use this on your CLI but also from your webbrowser. If you want to browse through al available services/clients please install the avahi utils:

apt-get install avahi-utils
avahi-browse -a -t

The browse command will provide you with all available service:

+ wlan0 IPv4 DiskStation Apple File Sharing local
+ wlan0 IPv4 DiskStation _device-info._tcp local
+ wlan0 IPv4 Woonkamer _googlecast._tcp local
+ wlan0 IPv4 monitoring Remote Disk Management local
+ wlan0 IPv4 domotiga Remote Disk Management local

Static on Raspberry PI

Still you can have a good reason not to configure the static IP address via your router, in my case it was a network related project.  Probally you already tried some configuration changes to the /etc/network/interface file. Please undo them. If you did not make a backup, you can use below config:

# Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d:
source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d</code>

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface eth0 inet manual

allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet manual
wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

allow-hotplug wlan1
iface wlan1 inet manual

You can now edit /etc/dhcpcd.conf and please add:

interface eth0
static ip_address=x.x.x.x/24
static routers=x.x.x.x
static domain_name_servers=

In my case I was connected via SSH, so you can now reboot RPi.